Niani- The capital of Mali, which Sundiata declared. Sundiata was born in Niani. Had great learning center. Had great smart scholars and traders.

Takedda- Had great copper mines which helped Mansa Musa's gold salt trade route thrive. 250 miles east of Gao. Munsa wanted the mines, and eventually got it. It was a center of caravan trade routes. 12,000 camels passed through each year.


-The capital of Ghana
-was conquered in 1203 by the Almorvids
-busiest marketplace in West Africa
-gold dust was traded usually

Mecca- Mecca was in Egypt. It was known as "the Holy city of Islam". It was 1 of the 5 pillars where you have to make your hajj. Mecca was thousands of miles from Niani. Mansa Musa had his great glittering hajj/pilgrimage here.

The Sosso
-A clan that Sumanguru lead
-All Pagan
-Became independent after Ghana fell.
-Defeated by Mali in 1235.
-Took over Koumbi